Capacity Building Strategy
The Academy Capacity Building Strategy is based on a two-stage process. Full details can be found in the Master Plan.
Mission : WWA-funded Technical Needs Assessment Missions at request of Competent Authorities. The Competent Authority then analyses the recommendations from these missions and produces a prioritised action list with realistic target dates for implementation or completion.
Review : The Competent Authority invites IALA to review the agreed action list with the aim of removing the State from its target list.
Obligations of Coastal States
General principles are set out within The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. These include regulations concerning the limits of Territorial Waters and Exclusive Economic Zone; innocent passage, safety information (Article 21) and protection of the marine environment (Article 192).
Detailed obligations are described in SOLAS Chapter V, regulations 1 to 14, revised in 2000. Those relating specifically to Vessel Traffic Services and Aids to Navigation are shown below.
SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 12
- Vessel traffic services (VTS) contribute to safety of life at sea, safety and efficiency of navigation and protection of the marine environment, adjacent shore areas, work sites and offshore installations from possible adverse effects of maritime traffic.
- Contracting Governments undertake to arrange for the establishment of VTS where, in their opinion, the volume of traffic or the degree of risk justifies such services.
- Contracting Governments planning and implementing VTS shall, wherever possible, follow the guidelines developed by the Organization. The use of VTS may only be made mandatory in sea areas within the territorial seas of a coastal State
- Contracting Governments shall endeavour to secure the participation in, and compliance with, the provisions of vessel traffic services by ships entitled to fly their flag.
- Nothing in this regulation or the guidelines adopted by the Organization shall prejudice the rights and duties of Governments under international law or the legal regimes of straits used for international navigation and archipelagic sea lanes.
SOLAS Chapter V Regulation 13
- Each Contracting Government undertakes to provide, as it deems practical and necessary, either individually or in co-operation with other Contracting Governments, such aids to navigation as the volume of traffic justifies and the degree of risk requires.
- In order to obtain the greatest possible uniformity in aids to navigation, Contracting Governments undertake to take into account the international recommendations and guidelines when establishing such aids.
- Contracting Governments undertake to arrange for information relating to aids to navigation to be made available to all concerned. Changes in the transmissions of position-fixing systems which could adversely affect the performance of receivers fitted in ships shall be avoided as far as possible and only be effected after timely and adequate notice has been promulgated